The Volkswagen Beetle, officially called the Volkswagen Type 1, is an economy car produced by the German auto maker Volkswagen from 1938 until 2003. The need for this kind of car, and its functional objectives, were formulated by Adolf Hitler, leader of Nazi Germany , wishing for a cheap, simple car to be mass-produced for the new road network standards. Ferdinand Porsche and his team took until 1938 to finalise the design. This is one of the first rear-engined cars. Although designed in the 1930s, the Beetle was only produced in significant numbers from 1945 on when the model was internally designated the Volkswagen Type 1, and marketed simply as the "Volkswagen". Later models were designated VW 1200, 1300, 1500, 1302 or 1303, the former three indicating engined-displacement and the latter two being derived from the type number and not indicative of engine capacity. The model became widely known in its home country as the Käfer (German for " beetle") and was later marketed as such in Germany, and as the Volkswagen Beetle in other countries.