Verona was inscribed in the World Heritage list in 2000. The reason for the inscription reads as follows: "The historic city of Verona was founded in the 1st century B.C. It particularly flourished under the rule of the Scaligeri family in the 13th and 14th centuries and as part of the Republic of Venice from the 15th to 18th centuries. Verona has preserved a remarkable number of monuments from antiquity, the medieval and Renaissance periods, and represents an outstanding example of a military stronghold. It is a city of culture and art".
The traces of its glorious past are today still evident, everywhere. After Rome, Verona is considered to be the second most important city in Italy for its rich and remarkably preserved Roman remains such as the Amphitheatre Arena, the Roman Theatre, Ponte Pietra, Arco dei Gavi, the Porta Leoni and Porta Borsari, to name but a few. Also noteworthy are the signs of its political and economic development after the year 1000 with churches, palaces and monuments built under the rule of the Scaligeri. The city contains many other remarkable historical and artistic remains such as the walls, gates and ramparts of the Republic of Venice and the strongholds dating to the Austrian empire.